Turkey’S New Internet Regulations Spark Fears Of New Wave Of Censorship
Detailed information about the code and reactions to it can be found in Draft RTUK Law , RTUK Law , Inet and Akgül & Pekşirin . Censorship is usually regarded as an indicator of the position of a country in the authoritarian-democratic continuum and it applies to all sorts of media where news and ideas can be disseminated. This kind of censorship may either be practiced by corporate mass media or the state . However, the Snowden revelations showed that surveillance intensifies the problem of censorship, particularly in Western countries, to the extent that self-censorship among US writers has increased after the revelations .
Upon protests from the public, the amendment was softened and later returned by then President Ahmet Necdet Sezer to the parliament for revision. That was the first law specific to the intenret passed by parliament. The main philosophy of the code was to increase the penalties by half, whenever the internet was involved in the commitment of a crime; which was already the rule for the press.
The First Amendment And What It Means For Free Speech Online
As early as 1991, drawing on French legislation, Turkey enacted rudimentary computer related criminal law provisions (Yazıcıoğlu, 2011). The proposal included everything involving online communications.
Censorship stems from the word “censor,” the government officer who had a wide range of responsibilities in the Roman Empire, such as overlooking the population census, public morale and government finances. Hence vpn online, the word is closely associated with inspection and auditing.
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In today’s world, censorship is one of the most commonly used concepts in political and social science. Censorship can take many forms such as political censorship, which aims to prevent dissemination of political and social news or, military censorship, which is usually implemented during war or under martial law.